Autumn signals dryer and cooler weather ahead, so hydration and nourishment will be the two key skin care buzzwords for the fall months. To offer more targeted recommendations during the fall season, we will break down the top skin care and beauty tactics for each of the general skin types, so you’ll be able to bring your “A” game and reclaim control of your skin.

Dry skin is easy to spot. You may have scaly or flakey patches that look rough, dull, and feel tight. There is generally less elasticity in the skin with fine lines that are more visible. The reason behind this is usually a lack of the natural sebum (oil) and lipid production in the skin that is needed to retain moisture and rebuild a protective shield against external factors, such as UV rays and pollution.

For people who have oily skin, their complexion will tend to appear shiny with visible pores. They may also be struggling with breakouts and blackheads. All of these issues are actually caused by a heightened level of sebum production, which causes excessive oils on the skin, leading to clogged pores. This may be due to genetics, hormonal changes, medications, stress, or even irritation from cosmetic products.

People who have combination skin will notice dry skin in some areas, usually around the cheeks, and oily skin in others, typically the T-zone (forehead, along the bridge of the nose, and chin). They may also tend to have larger pores and blackheads.

The key to dealing with these different areas is to cleanse gently, exfoliate occasionally, and opt for oil-free moisturizers. Moisturizing is key for combination skin, especially since it is beneficial for both the dry and oily areas, as well as for fall in general. Don’t forget the SPF factor either!

Those who have normal skin have fine pores, a smooth and clear skin texture, and a generally well-balanced complexion. They usually have little or no blemishes and are not usually prone to sensitivity. With the switch to drier, colder weather, the key takeaway for anyone with normal skin is that maintenance is still very important.